P4C Plus

P4C Plus in action

P4C Plus is fun:  students and teachers love it. Take a look at these videos to see what we mean.

What’s special about P4C Plus?

P4C Plus draws on Socratic questioning, Vygotsky’s constructivism and Dewey’s ideas of democracy in education. Mathew Lipman developed P4C 40 years ago to help children become more thoughtful, more reflective, more considerate and more reasonable individuals”.

P4C Plus creates space for inquiry.  Once the spirit of inquiry is infused into teaching, every lesson becomes an opportunity to ask questions – whether questions of meaning or value judgement, or questions seeking information.

P4C Plus gives teachers practice and guidance in philosophical facilitation moves that widen or deepen inquiry.  It helps teachers keep dialogue constructive, focus on concept connections, draw on relevant reflections and push for reasons.

P4C Plus shows teachers and students how to cultivate personal, social and intellectual virtues, and shows school leaders how to integrate these virtues into their whole school’s values.

P4C Plus is well suited to International Baccalaureate and other schools, where inquiry is at the heart of the curriculum.  IB teachers who have been trained in P4C Plus, report how much they appreciate what the courses teach them about the practice of inquiry.

What is a Community of Inquiry?

A community of inquiry is a group in which the individuals feel valued by each other and where they feel safe to express their views and share their experiences.  Under P4C Plus every class can operate as a community of inquiry, if the teacher wants it to do so.

What is 4Cs Thinking?

Four types of thinking are central to P4C Plus:

  • Caring thinking: this is about respect for others in the community of inquiry and respect for the subject of the inquiry. 
  • Collaborative thinking:  this is about helping the community as a whole to progress by building on each other’s ideas.
  • Critical thinking: this is about questioning and reasoning well, and seeking understanding.
  • Creative thinking: this involves making connections and suggesting ideas.

Online and in-person P4C Plus training

Our training programmes will give you all the practical advice you need to facilitate P4C inquiries with your students, and to incorporate Philosophical Teaching into all your lessons.

Our modular P4C Plus Foundation training programme works for online and in-person training.

Our P4C Plus Foundation Training is aimed at UK, international and International Baccalaureate schools. Building on core P4C training, it adds two extra dimensions, making it especially well-suited for schools wanting to practise inquiry-based learning.

  • A focus on metacognition through Thinking Moves A – Z;
  • A way to take P4C into the curriculum through philosophical teaching.

The training is available in various configurations:

  • Individual training as advertised above
  • INSET: £2,200 for up to 20 staff, with reduced rate of £1,800 available for small schools
  • All training includes access to P4C Plus premium online resources and 25 prepared session plans

We also offer a 12 hour Advanced P4C Plus Facilitation course. Prices start from £2,500 for training for teams of up to 20 teachers.


enquiries@dialogueworks.co.uk for more information.


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